Face is a complex structure that has always challenged the orthodontist for a very long time.
The face (Profile) is considered largely during treatment planning, which is determined predominantly by the rotation of mandible.
- Normally changes that occur in the facial complex helps the clinician to identify & diagnose a problem correctly so as to provide the optimal treatment.
- It is therefore essential for us to be aware of, How the face changes ,Where & When it occurs & How it takes place ?.
So sound understanding of growth of the Maxilla & Mandible is necessary to understand the rotation of the mandible,which predominantly determines the facial type of an individual.
- Thus any treatment change alters the position of the mandible which in turn alters the profile ( long or short face).
- Alterations in the position of the mandible due to treatment usually take place around the condyle ..i.e., rotation takes place as a mandible as a whole.